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Health risk in bakeries
Bakeries are not known for Major occupational health risk yet precautions should be taken to protect workers
, employees acquiring disease related to their work in bakery plant . manufacturing units should go for OSHA
18000 & ISO 14001 for better work environment and productivity .Consumer should also encourage with their
preference for product s which are produced with companies having such certification .
Major areas which may cause certain health risks in bakery are
Flour Dust ,Sugar dust ,Biscuit dust
Flour handling , loading and unloading areas , Vibratory sieves , Manual Dusting during process.Prolonged
exposure to flour dust may cause asthma , bronchitis .Similarly in case of biscuit dust and sugar dust while
grinding or manual addition of these ingredients .Mask and spillages should be avoided . Automated system
for flour handling to be installed to reduce flour dust .
Noise level at certain area may cause deafness if workers are exposed to higher decibel levels for longer
duration .As per factory act decibels should be lower than 70.0 db .Ear buds or rotation of workers after every
4 hours can help reducing exposure to sound. Periodic maintenance and monitoring of sound level should be
Odours of chemical and additives can be harmful for human. These chemicals should be kept in closed
container. Worker s can use face mask and gloves while performing task with chemicals
Ammonia is most common ingredients for bakery product but is harm full if inhaled in larger dose . Pungent
smell come out the moment ammonia comes in contact ambient temp. Even if presence ammonia vapours are
within permissible level in most of the cases it does not mean that we don't take precautionary measures .
Oven operators have risk of skin disease , breathlessness and other diseases in case of prolonged stay
without any precaution .Temperatures are around 50 -55deg centigrade around oven or baking area .
Sufficient ventilation system should be installed like exhaust fan , natural ventilation through roof etc .
Silos and Tanks
Raw material silos or sugar or liquid tanks or fuel storage tanks these needs to be cleaned periodically .
Workers should take proper precaution while performing this task as toxic gases are formed in these tanks
which effects health .
Precaution should be taken while handling insulation in bakery plant as these can lead to allergies and skin
disease. Workers can wear protective coveralls or boiler suite with gloves while handling insulation .
Ointments are also available to remove itching while working with insulation's .
Other areas are related to stress on body part while performing feeding for packing machines or loading and
unloading heavier loads in Factory . Proper material handling should be provided for movement from one
place to another . Mechanical means should be provided for lifting and moving heavier items in bakery plants
.ie trolleys , pallet trucks , electric chain hoist , titling devices etc
Safety risk in bakeries
Fire hazards are common in bakeries as it have fire hazards like packaging material , flour , sugar , fat
and baked biscuits . In addition to these raw materials there are other sources like LPG storage tanks or
pipelines , LDO/HSD storage tanks and pipelines , Ovens and Grinding processes . Safety precautions like
fire hydrant system should be in place for bakery plant . Fire extinguishers , Lpg gas detectors , smoke and
heat detectors should be placed in production shop and factory areas . Fire drills must be conducted
regularlt for workers .
Cuts - Most of these occurs while packing bakery product like biscuit packing or bread packing . Safety
guard should be placed in such areas . Proper training are must for workers to avoid accidents in bakery .
Guards on cutters and knifes should be ensured
Handling products from oven or loading trays to oven manualy or unloading trays from oven are prone
to such accidents proper gloves should be provided to workers . Heaters at packing machine are also
major cause of burns during packaging .
Handling heavy load and material movement with help of pallet trucks and trolleys also results in
Accident log books should be maintained in factory . First aid box and a visiting doctors services should be
availed. Emergency numbers should be displayed all across the company .
Health and safety risk in bakeries