Raw material and finished goods are to be finished goods are to be transported either into the factory or from factory to other destination. Transportation charges contribute significantly to cost of product . Normally the share of transport cost is about 30-40% of total logistics cost .Hence any effort to cut down cost would require efficient and effective utilisation of transport facilities.
Inter modal transportation involves movement of shipment from origin to destination utilising two or more different modes of transportation . A container is a specially designed metal box . Most popular sizes are 8x8.5x20 ft OR 8x8.5 x40 ft . 20ft container has become standard for shipping lines It s termed as TEU
ONE TEU = ( 20 FT CONTAINER )
The concept of containerisation has gained acceptance with majority of manufacturers .Goods of any kind are packed into a container at any location and placed on wheels and moved by truck or rail to reach the destination .In the case of overseas shipment , containers are moved to the marine terminal by truck or rail , where large gentry cranes lift the container from the vehcle and laod on the ship with slots assigned to old containers for shipment . At destination the process is reversed and the container is offloaded fo final delivery to the destination
TRANSPORTATION DECISION( FREIGHT CHAGRES)
While making transportation -related decisions a variety of factors are required to taken , important factors are