Environment system management
is important tool in save guarding
environment in and around an
organisation . Its implementation
results in waste reduction&
corporate image enhancement.
Basic purpose is to adhere to all
legal requirements and pollution
control . Focus areas are water
conservation&polluiton , energy
management , noise pollution , air
pollution , soil conservation , bio
degradable waste , resource
Energy & the Environment
Most of our energy is derived from burning fossil fuels, either directly in the home or indirectly in power
stations. Energy use can have many and varied detrimental impacts on the environment, most of which relate
to the burning of fuel which releases pollutant substances into the air.
Burning fossil fuels, either directly or in the process of generating electricity, releases large amounts of the
gas carbon dioxide into the atmosphere. This gas is the principal cause of the greenhouse effect, also known
as global warming, probably the most serious global environmental problem We currently face. In Ireland,
about 30% of carbon dioxide emissions come from energy used for domestic purposes. Household use of
electricity alone is responsible for the emission of about 4 million tonnes of carbon dioxide from power stations
each year! Of course, all of the fuels We burn directly in the home - gas, oil, coal, peat… produce carbon
dioxide, too - over 6 million tonnes in a year.
SMOKE, SOOT AND SMOG
Smoke consists mostly of minute particles of unburned carbon, with inorganic ash,and assorted mixtures of
complex organic substances. Very small smoke particlescan lodge deep in the lungs causing damage to the
bronchial tissues. The effectsof smoke inhalation are greatly increased when sulphur oxides are also present.
The effects of smoky atmospheres on the elderly and those with respiratory illnesscan be serious. Smog is a
combination of smoke with naturally occurring fog or mist, making smoke denser and more irritating when
inhaled. This is known as LondonSmog. A second, more serious, type of smog is called photochemical smog
andcomes from transport emissions in cities. It is caused by chemical reactions of transport pollutants in the
presence of sunlight, leading to a build-up of noxiousgases and particulates.
The combustion of fossil fuels in power stations, factories, cars and homes results in emissions of invisible
gases including some containing sulphur and nitrogen. These gases mix with rain to make a weak acid which
then falls as "acid rain" which can - and does- kill forests and fish in lakes and ponds, and damage stone
Power stations, coal mines and oil rigs can all result in significant visual intrusion. Some people may also
consider that wind turbines, solar panels, geothermal or hydro-electric power stations are ugly. Locating
facilities sensitively can help to reduce this impact, by avoiding siting them in areas of natural beauty.
When We build a new home, a factory or a new road, plants, insects and animals will be disturbed. Sometimes
the wildlife in the area will no longer be able to stay and find food and shelter. This is called habitat
destruction. This habitat destruction can also occur as a result of the construction of new power stations or the
development of large scale renewable energy projects - though this is not always irreversible. More harmful is
the habitat destruction resulting from the extraction of fossil fuels e.g. peat extraction, as this is permanent.
The use of fossil fuels can result in a lot of noise e.g. from traffic or heavy duty combustion equipment in
factories. But renewable energy resources can be noisy too. People living near wind farms are sometimes
disturbed by the sound of the blades turning in the wind.
Accidents can happen when oil is being transported by sea. Oil tankers can leak and cause oil slicks which kill
birds and animals and pollute beaches.
An Environmental Management System provides a framework for managing environmental responsibilities so
they become more efficient and more integrated into overall business operations.
Environmental Management Systems are based on standards, which specify a process of achieving
continuously improved environmental performance and compliance with legislation. BSI Management Systems
offers registration to the internationally recognized environmental standard ISO 14001.
Remove uncertainty and inconsistency by managing disruption and waste .Give competitive advantage to
avoid international trade barriers.Help companies stay compliant with regulatory requirement improve overall