Types  of flooring  in bakeries

Larger  Bakeries   have to decide upon type of flooring during  planning  stage  as  what kind of  flooring
would be required for laying . Food factories have  special requirement  of flooring s due  to  hygiene and
sanitation standards during process .

The floor of a food processing facility is typically exposed to all sorts of food byproducts, including fats, hot
oils, dough,hot water , steam , cold water , sugar solutions, and natural food acids. Some of these
substances can cause serious damage to concrete because of their corrosive nature. In addition, these
contaminants can infiltrate uncoated concrete, resulting in uncontrolled growth of bacteria, ultimately
degrading the processed foods purity.Thus  floorings could be different for  mixing section , baking section
and packing section .

Consequently, coatings selected for application to food and beverage processing facility floors must be
durable enough and thick enough to create a protective barrier that prevents contaminants from permeating
the concrete substrate and ensures a hygienic surface

Bakery Flooring  should meet following  parameters

Thermal shock Resistant

Bakeries  have application which requires hot  and cold water  application hence flooring should with stand
high temperatures .

Chemical Resistant

Bakeries have applications  of acids , sugar  and sanitation chemicals


Could  with stand heavy traffic from equipments  like pallet trucks , forklifts  and  trolleys .

Sanitary  and   Safe

As per approved ( state standards ) food grade flooring, slip resistant, odorless installation. Various
industrial floor cleaning equipments are available to maintain hygiene and sanitation standards of floor  such
as floor scrubbers , floor sweepers , pressure washer etc

Following  types of  flooring could be seen  in  Indian bakery  Plants

Marble flooring , Kota stone  flooring ,  Ceramic tiles flooring   and Epoxy  coatings .Popular among these are
Kota stone ( lime stone )  and Ceramic tiles flooring . . Recommended flooring for bakeries would be epoxy
coated flooring but has higher cost than other flooring .

Kota  stone  ( lime  stone )   flooring

Kota stone has advantage of toughness over  Ceramic tiles  as flooring material in bakeries . Kota stones
are available in rough as well as polish finish  and could be cut into  any dimensions  but the industry
standards is 22"x22"  . Thickness could vary from  25mm to 40mm . Kota  stone  could be  easily washed  
number of times during cleaning of floors in bakeries

Ceramic tiles

Ceramic tiles have advantages of weight  , finish  and easy replacement s  when damaged .

Flooring types  in  International   bakery plants

Standards can be checked into USDA , FDA and NSF  Standards for floor coatings in food processing units

Epoxy  coated  flooring , Urethanes ,Methyl Methacrylate, Poly Ureas

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